This guide describes all available charts.



Cohorts: No.
MRR is recurring proceeds revenue normalized in to a monthly amount. It's calculated as a sum of the monthly fee paid by each paying customer with a deduction of Apple comission.
For example, If you have 10 customers paying $10 per month. MRR will be equal to:
MRR = 10 subscribers × $10 per month - 30%(or 15%) Apple Comission = $70.
All non-monthly subscription plans are being normalized in to a monthly plan. For example, annual subscription that costs $120 per year will be normalized in to $10 per month.

Gross revenue

Cohorts: No.
Gross revenue is a total amount billed to customers for purchasing subscriptions prior to refunds, taxes and Apple’s commission.


Cohorts: No.
Total amount billed to customers for purchasing in-app purchases. Sales = Gross Revenue - Refunds.


Cohorts: No.
Estimated amount you receive on sales of in-app purchases prior to VAT taxes. Proceeds = Sales - Apple’s Comission.
Please note, that we are not apply VAT taxes to Proceeds (but Apple does).


This chart is under refactoring – available soon.

Refund Rate

Cohorts: No.
Refunds percentage compared with gross revenue within selected period.


Cohorts: Yes.
APRU is Average Revenue Per User.
Calculated on a cohort basis. The cohort is users, that have installed the app within the selected period. They can be segmented and filtered by country, products, marketing campaigns (depending on what was selected in segments and filters).
We calculate ARPU for the users’ lifetime. This means that ARPU for the given cohort will be calculated by dividing the summarized users' revenue by the total number of users who have installed the app within the selected time frame.
You can choose whether to calculate ARPU using Sales or Proceeds.
Why ARPU is important?
One of the main goals of any mobile business is to maximize revenue. ARPU is one of two critical values for calculating your ROI along with CPI (cost per install).
Knowing the ARPU of different groups of users will let you optimize your marketing efforts and focus on high-performing user acquisition campaigns. ARPU-driven measurement help to point out which media sources could bring the top paying users and which are under-performing and should be stopped.
Understanding who is your high LTV users can help to find more like them through lookalike campaigns and leads you to boost total app revenue.


Cohorts: Yes.
ARPPU is Average Revenue Per Paying User.
It's pretty much the same as ARPU, except there are only paying users counted within the selected time period.
You can choose whether to calculate ARPPU using Sales or Proceeds.
Both ARPU/ARPPU are calculated with refunds substraction. Downgrades (partial refunds) difference is counted.
ARPPU will be usually much higher than ARPU because only paying users included in cohorts (a smaller part of all users in the app).


Subscriptions churn

Cohorts: No.
This metric shows how many subscriptions were lost during the selected period.
Subscriptions Churn = (Number of subscriptions expired during the period) / (Number of paid subscriptions at the start of the period) * 100%
Churn also can be negative. This may happen if your app allows customers to have more than one subscription at the same time and the user adds a purchase to existing ones. It's called "expansion". Negative churn is a signal that your app has a strong value to your customers.

Churned revenue

Cohorts: No.
This metric shows how much revenue was lost during the selected period.
Churned revenue = (MRR Lost to Downgrades + MRR expirations in the period) / (MRR at the start of period) * 100%
Churned revenue especially helpful to ensure that you're not losing the most valuable customers (subscriptions churn can be relatively low while churned revenue is high).
Like subscriptions churn, revenue churn also can be negative if users upgrade subscriptions or subscribe more within your app. And, of course, it's a good signal too.


New users

Cohorts: No.
Yes, these are just new users of the app. By the way, you can filter them, using custom User Properties (if you send any).
Pay attention that new users counted when they were recorded by Apphud SDK (not actual install date). In 99% of cases, these dates are nearly identical.


All charts in this group represented as funnels with particular steps (based on events).
New users are calculated as cohorts. It means that users are "grouped" by the initial event date (i.e. users, who have installed the app on a particular date).
For example, if we have a row with a date of Jan, 28, then trial conversions are summarised by users who had installed the app on Jan, 28 and then converted to regular subscribers any day after install and trial start (not only on Jan, 28).
Note that all conversion events are grouped by new users.
So, if your app allows two simultaneous subscriptions (say, with a trial period), then it will be counted as the single user who started a trial (not two trials).
The same works for trial conversion events – if there are two trials that were converted to regular subscriptions by the user within the app, we'll show this as a single user who converted from the trial(s) to subscriber.

Trial conversion

Cohorts: Yes.
New users, who started a trial and then converted to regular subscribers. Users who converted without a trial period are not counted.

Regular subs. conversion

Cohorts: Yes.
New users, who converted to regular subscribers (trial conversions are not included).
Cohorts: Yes.
New users, who started a paid intro offer and then converted to regular subscribers.

Promo offer conversion

Cohorts: Yes.
New users, who started a promo offer and then converted to regular subscribers.

Non-renewing purchase conversion

Cohorts: Yes.
New users, who purchased a non-renewing in-app product.


You can segment conversion charts by the second additional parameter to get more meaningful results.

View parameters

For example, you have 100 new users, 10 of them started a trial and 2 were converted to a subscription.
% of total
Shows drop-off in each funnel step calculated as a percent of total (first step) count.
In this case, the total count (new users) will be 100%, the trial started – 10%, and converted – 2%.
% of previous
Shows drop-off in each funnel step calculated as a percent of the previous step.
New users will be 100%, the trial started – 10% and converted – 20% (because started trials are considered as 100% in this case).
User count
Shows absolute users count in each step.

Exclude refunds

Default: disabled.
Note that, we calculate all values including transactions with refunds by default. If you want to analyze only "successful" conversions, turn on Exclude refunds option.
Keep in mind, that you can see lower conversions in this case.


Trial subscriptions

Cohorts: No.
Analyze events related to trials:
  • Trial started
  • Trial expired
  • Trial converted
  • Trial cancelled

Regular subscriptions events

Cohorts: No.
Analyze regular subscriptions:
  • Subscription started
  • Subscription renewed
  • Subscription cancelled
  • Subscription expired
  • Subscription refunded
Cohorts: No.
Analyze paid intro subscriptions:
  • Intro started
  • Intro renewed
  • Intro converted
  • Intro expired
  • Intro refunded

Promo offers

Cohorts: No.
Analyze promo offer subscriptions:
  • Promo started
  • Promo renewed
  • Promo converted
  • Promo expired
  • Promo refunded

Non renewing purchases

Cohorts: No.
Analyze Non renewing purchase events:
  • Non renewing purchase
  • Non renewing purchase refunded

Other events

Cohorts: No.
Analyze other events:
  • Autorenew enabled
  • Billing issue
Last modified 1mo ago